×

Auto Components Industry in India

INTRODUCTION

The Indian auto-components industry has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. The auto-components industry expanded by a CAGR of 3.28% over FY16 to FY20 to reach US$ 45.90 billion in FY21. The industry is expected to reach US$ 200 billion by FY26.

Due to high development prospects in all segments of the vehicle industry, the auto component sector is expected to rise by double digits in FY22.

Auto-components industry accounts for 7.1% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs as many as 5 million people directly and indirectly. A stable government framework, increased purchasing power, large domestic market, and an ever-increasing development in infrastructure have made India a favourable destination for investment.

MARKET SIZE

The industry can be broadly classified into organised and unorganised sectors. The organised sector caters to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and consist of high-value precision instruments while the unorganised sector comprises low-valued products and caters mostly to the aftermarket category.

The automobile component industry turnover stood at Rs. 1.96 lakh crore (US$ 26.6 billion) between April–September 2021 and is expected to witness revenue growth of 15-17% during the fiscal year. In first half of FY22, exports of auto components grew by 76% to Rs. 68,746 crore (US$ 9.3 billion). As per the Automobile Component Manufacturers Association (ACMA) forecast, automobile component exports from India are expected to reach US$ 80 billion by 2026. The Indian auto components industry is expected to reach US$ 200 billion in revenue by 2026.

Strong international demand and resurgence in the local original equipment and aftermarket segments are predicted to help the Indian auto component industry grow by 20-23% in FY22.

INVESTMENTS

To keep up with the growing demand, several auto makers have started investing heavily in various segments of the industry during the last few months. The industry attracted Foreign Direct Investment equity inflow (FDI) worth US$ 30.78 billion between April 2000-September 2021, accounting for 5.49% of the total equity FDI during the period.

Some of the recent/planned investments and developments in the automobile sector in India are as follows:

  • In February 2022, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between electric two-wheeler company Ather Energy and Electric Supply Companies (ESCOMs) of Karnataka for setting up 1,000 fast charging stations across the state.
  • In February 2022, Tata Power and Apollo Tyres Ltd announced a strategic partnership for the establishment of 150 public charging stations across India.
  • In January 2021, leading commercial vehicle manufacturer Ashok Leyland teamed up with Aidrivers, a global leader in AI-enabled autonomous solutions for industrial mobility, to develop AI-enabled autonomous vehicles to fulfil the demands of a sustainable future.
  • Two-wheeler EV maker HOP Electric Mobility, a diversified business venture of Rays Power Infra, is looking at investing Rs. 100 crore (US$ 13.24 million) over the next two years to expand manufacturing capacity for its EVs.

GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

The Government of India’s Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2006-2026 has come a long way in ensuring growth for the sector. Indian Automobile industry is expected to achieve a turnover of US$ 300 billion by 2026 and will grow at a CAGR of 15% from its current revenue of US$ 74 billion.

In November 2020, the Union Cabinet approved PLI scheme in automobile and auto components with an approved financial outlay over a five-year period of Rs. 57,042 crore (US$ 8.1 billion). In September 2021, the Indian government issued notification regarding a PLI scheme for automobile and auto components worth Rs. 25,938 crore (US$ 3.49 billion). In February 2022, the government has received investment proposals worth Rs. 45,016 crore (US$ 6.04 billion) from 20 automotive companies under the PLI Auto scheme. This scheme is expected to create an incremental output of Rs. 2,31,500 crore (US$ 31.08 billion).

Government has come out with Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2016-26 which will help the automotive industry to grow and will benefit Indian economy in the following ways: -

  • Contribution of auto industry in the country's GDP will rise to over 12%.
  • Around 65 million incremental number of direct and indirect jobs will be created.
  • End of life Policy will be implemented for old vehicles.

ACHIEVEMENTS

Following are Government's achievements in the past four years:

  • Production of two wheelers, passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles and three wheelers reached 18.34 million, 3.06 million, 0.62 million, and 0.61 million, respectively, in FY21.
  • FAME - India Scheme formulated by Department of Heavy Industry, led to a continuous increase in registered OEMs and vehicle models. Also, the scheme enhanced the sales of EVs and about 261,507 electric/hybrid vehicles were supported under the scheme up to December 6, 2018. In February 2019, the Government approved FAME-II scheme with a fund requirement of Rs. 10,000 crore (US$ 1.39 billion) for FY20-22.
  • Under National Automotive Testing and research and development (R&D) Infrastructure Project (NATRiP), various facilities including passive safety labs comprising of crash core facility and crash instrumentations including dummies were established at ICAT-Manesar and ARAI-Pune.
  • To give a fresh thrust to E-mobility in public transport, Department of Heavy Industry announced the launch of public and shared mobility based on electric powertrain.

ROAD AHEAD

The rapidly globalising world is opening newer opportunities for the transportation industry, especially while it makes a shift towards electric, electronic and hybrid cars, which are deemed more efficient, safe, and reliable mode of transportation. Over the next decade, this will lead to newer verticals and opportunities for auto-component manufacturers, who would need to adapt change via systematic R&D.




source: www.ibef.org